The main stages of preparing a scientific article

The main stages of preparing an article for a scientific journal, the structure and design of a scientific article, revision and correction of errors, publication of a scientific work
Alex Malov 09-05-2021

The publication of a scientific article in a well-known and respected journal is important for every scientist, professor, teacher, PhD student or graduate student. The high citation rate of the paper will have a positive effect on the author's authority, the work of his/her laboratory and the ranking of the university as a whole. The publications will also help in career advancement and obtaining a doctorate or PhD degree. In the article, we will tell you how to step by step prepare your scientific article for publication. Consider it as a guide for preparation an academic paper for publication.

The main stages of preparing an article

  • Creation of text: choice of topic and a language;
  • The structure and design of the article according to the requirements;
  • Submission of an application for a review;
  • Refinement, errors fixes;
  • Review process;
  • Publication.

Writing content

Before starting work, decide in which language the article will be written. The most cited papers are most often written in English, as over a billion people speak English worldwide. Scientific articles in Russian are also taken into account by scientific databases, so the choice remains yours.

The topic of the work should be relevant and correlates to modern issues and problems of the chosen field.

The structure and design of a scientific article

You can get acquainted with the requirements of the selected journal on the official website. Carefully read the rules so that in the future you do not have to rework or rewrite the text again for a long time. In addition, the publisher's website usually indicates various requirements for writing annotations, formatting links, and the format of addressing the reader.

In addition to the basic editorial rules, there are general recommendations that are similar for everyone:

  • Annotation, list of sources of literature, main keywords and the title of the topic of the scientific article typically should be submitted in both languages if your article isn’t in English, let’s say, Russian and English.
  • Annotation should be at least 200 words.
  • There must be at least 10 keywords.
  • The minimum length of a scientific article is 10,000 words, the maximum is 60,000.
  • The list of sources when creating the article is given at the end of the work. It must be numbered and alphabetical.
  • The list of sources when creating the article is given at the end of the work. It must be numbered and alphabetical.

Submitting an application for consideration (review) of an article

Before submitting an application for publication, graduate students should study more carefully lists of journals. To illustrate, if you publish an article in Russia, it would be better to choose a journal from the list of the Higher Attestation Commission and make sure that the selected journal is included in the recommended list. In case you decide to publish a paper in an international journal, check if it is included in one of the databases of scientific articles - Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Springer, GeoRef, etc.

Manuscripts and articles that have never been published before are accepted for consideration

The originality of the peer-reviewed work must be at least 80%. In case that the reviewer did not accept the article, the editor sends a response to the author of the manuscript with arguments why the work is not suitable for review. The terms of reviewing, expert evaluation and commenting are determined by the editor individually, depending on the specific case. The maximum time period is 2 months.

After submitting an application for consideration of the article, the editor of the journal of your choice will begin to study the paper according to several criteria: compliance with internal rules and design standards, whether the topic of your work is suitable for this journal, whether the article will be interesting to readers.

Refinement, correction of errors

If the editor did not have any questions at the previous stages, then he will contact three or more professors and scientists on the topic of the article. They will read your work and suggest either changes or feedback. The editor can offer to edit the paper based on their comments and comments of the experts with whom he collaborated. If you do not agree with the corrections, justify your position as reasonably as possible.

Review process

After all the corrections and re-submission of the article to the publisher, the editor will decide whether to release your work for publication. Thus, the process of reviewing the article will be completed.

Next, you will receive a ready-made review from the editor, which will indicate:

  • the level of correspondence of the content of the article to its topic and the title as a whole.
  • assessment of the relevance of the work done in the modern scientific field.
  • an assessment of your presentation of the paper, how easily the content perceive.
  • the feasibility of publishing your work.
  • a detailed description of the advantages and disadvantages of a verified scientific article.

Publication of scientific work

After the article is published, you can independently contribute to the promotion of your work.

Submit your main idea, brief summary or concept of work on social and professional networks such as ResearchGate, ResearcherID, Facebook, My SFU, Twitter, etc.